avian & livestock assay data sheet
Bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV)
qualitative detection of bovine papular stomatitis virus by
real time PCR
stomatitis virus (BPSV) is a parapoxvirus associated with
papular and erosive lesions on the muzzle, lips, oral mucosa and
occasionally teats of cattle. Infected calves usually show more
severe symptoms than older cattle. BPSV is usually spread by
direct contact with infected cattle or saliva from an infected
animal. People can be infected through close contact with
infected cows; dairy farm workers sometimes become infected by
handling lesions of an infected animal without gloves, allowing
the virus to enter through broken skin or abrasions.
in humans usually results in proliferative lesions characterized
by dermal edema and scab formation. Sometimes lesions are
characterized by large nodules on the hands or face.
Clinically, BPSV-infected cattle have symptoms
similar to those of foot-and-mouth disease. It is important that
the two diseases are positively differentiated when symptoms are
seen, because foot-and-mouth disease is highly contagious and
can have very serious impacts on livestock over wide areas,
requiring drastic control measures.
Traditional serological detection of antibodies
to BPSV may not be suitable to confirm the diagnosis of BPSV
infection because of cross-reactivity to antibodies to other
viruses, such as lumpy skin disease virus and pseudocowpox
virus. However, molecular detection by polymerase chain reaction
(PCR) is highly specific, sensitive and rapid, and is a good
alternative to more traditional methods (Inoshima et al., 2000).
Help confirm the disease causing agent
Identify BPSV carriers
Help ensure that animal herds and populations are free of BPSV
Early prevention of spread of this virus among animals
Minimize human exposure to this virus
Safety monitoring of biological products that derive
Inoshima, Y., Morooka, A. and Sentsui,
H. (2000) Detection and diagnosis of parapoxvirus by the
polymerase chain reaction. J. Virol. Methods. 84:201-208.
Lesion swab, or
0.2 ml saliva, or 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top)
types other than those listed here, please call to confirm
specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.
specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during
very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship
with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are
specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain
frozen in transit. See shipping
instructions for more information.
2 business days
Qualitative reverse transcription coupled real time PCR