Ruminating about hoofstock "issues"?  Try our ruminant fecal screening PCR panel - tests for most common GI pathogens in wild & domestic ruminants.

In over your head? Try our waterborne pathogens PCR panel - detection of 7 different environmental pathogens by real time PCR.

Something fishy going on in your tanks? Try our new Zebrafish screening PCR panel - tests for 6 different pathogen categories from one easy-to-collect sample.

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Zoologix performs environmental, zoo, wildlife and aquatic PCR tests for...

Aeromonas hydrophila

African swine fever

Aleutian disease

Amphibian panel



Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Baylisascaris procyonis

Borna virus

Borrelia burgdorferi



Canine distemper

Canine parvovirus

Chytrid fungus

Citrobacter freundii

Classical swine fever





Coxiella burnetii


Cryptosporidium serpentis

Cryptosporidium varanii (formerly saurophilum)

Delftia acidovorans

E. coli O157:H7

E. coli panel





Epizootic hemorrhagic disease

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

Feline panleukopenia

Ferret respiratory enteric coronavirus




Hepatitis E


Japanese encephalitis

Johne's disease

Kangaroo herpesviruses


Lawsonia intracellularis




Listeria monocytogenes

Lyme disease

Macropodid (kangaroo) herpesviruses

Mink enteritis virus


Mycobacteria in mammals, amphibians and fish

Mycoplasma mustelae

Mycoplasma species

Neospora caninum

Nipah virus

Pasteurella multocida

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Pseudocapillaria tomentosa

Pseudoloma neurophilia


Q fever



Reovirus screen


Rift Valley fever



Sarcocystis neurona

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

St. Louis encephalitis

Strep pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes

Swine vesicular disease

Toxoplasma gondii

Treponema pallidum


Trypanosoma cruzi

Trypanosoma evansi


Valley Fever

Vesicular stomatitis


West Nile virus

White nose syndrome

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi) PCR test

wildlife and zoo assay data sheet

Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)

Test code: B0004 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of Borrelia burgdorferi by real time PCR. This assay detects all Borrelia genospecies within the designation Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, which includes those found in both North America and Eurasia.


Borrelia burgdorferi are gram-negative spirochete bacteria that cause Lyme disease. Spirochetes are a group of phylogenetically distinct bacteria that have a unique mode of motility by means of axial filaments (endoflagella).

Borrelia are divided into "genospecies" including B. burgdorferi sensu strict, B. garinii and B. afzelii. The term used to collectively describe all these genospecies is B. burgdorferi sensu lato. All North American isolates are genospecies B. burgdorferi sensu strict. B. garinii and B. afzelii are predominant in Europe and Asia, although all three genospecies have been found there.

B. burgdorferi invades the blood and tissues of various infected mammals and birds via the bite of ticks of genus Ixodes. The natural reservoir for B. burgdorferi is thought to be the white-footed mouse. Ticks transfer the spirochetes to deer, humans, and other warm-blooded animals after a blood meal from an infected animal. In most mammals, including humans, infection by B. burgdorferi can result in Lyme disease.

Culture detection of Borrelia is difficult because these organisms have fastidious growth requirements, and even under optimal conditions their growth is very slow. Diagnosis by serological means usually has a very low positive predictive value (Lakos et al., 2010). However, PCR is a highly specific and sensitive methodology for rapid detection of B. burgdorferi.


  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical diagnosis of Lyme disease
  • Help ensure that animal facilities are free of Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Early prevention of spread of Lyme disease among a facility
  • Minimize human exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Safety monitoring of biological products that derive from susceptible animals

Lakos, A., Reiczigel, J. and Solymosi, N. (2010) The positive predictive value of Borrelia burgdorferi serology in the light of symptoms of patients sent to an outpatient service for tick-borne diseases. Inflamm. Res. 59:959-64.

Preferred specimen types: 0.2 ml synovial fluid or CSF, or 0.2 ml fresh, frozen or fixed tissue, or tick.

Less preferred specimen types: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube, or 0.2 ml urine

Contact Zoologix if advice is needed to determine an appropriate specimen type for a specific diagnostic application. For specimen types not listed here, please contact Zoologix to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time polymerase chain reaction

Normal range: Nondetected

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