Moving reptiles?  Use our snake and lizard quarantine PCR panel to avoid spreading contagious agents.

Ruminating about hoofstock issues?  Try our ruminant fecal screening PCR panel - tests for most common GI pathogens in wild & domestic ruminants.

Our Rodent Infestation PCR Panel tests for 5 common pathogens found in rodent-contaminated facilities.

In over your head? Try our waterborne pathogens PCR panel - detection of 7 different environmental pathogens by real time PCR.

Something fishy going on in your tanks? Try our Zebrafish screening PCR panel - tests for 6 different pathogen categories from one easy-to-collect sample.

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Zoologix performs environmental, zoo, wildlife and aquatic PCR tests for...

Aeromonas hydrophila

African swine fever

Aleutian disease

Amphibian panel

Anisakis worms



Bacillus species

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Baylisascaris procyonis

Borna virus

Borrelia burgdorferi



Canine circovirus

Canine distemper

Canine parvovirus

Capillaria xenopodis


Chlamydophila pneumoniae

Chytrid fungus

Citrobacter freundii

Classical swine fever





Coxiella burnetii



Cryptosporidium serpentis

Cryptosporidium varanii (formerly saurophilum)

Delftia acidovorans

E. coli O157:H7

E. coli panel



Enterobacter cloacae


Epizootic hemorrhagic disease

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

Feline panleukopenia

Ferret respiratory enteric coronavirus

Francisella tularensis




Hepatitis E

Herring worms


Influenza type A

Influenza type B

Japanese encephalitis

Johne's disease

Kangaroo herpesviruses


Lawsonia intracellularis




Listeria monocytogenes

Lizard quarantine panel

Lyme disease

Macropodid (kangaroo) herpesviruses


Mink enteritis virus


Mycobacteria in mammals, amphibians and fish

Mycoplasma mustelae

Mycoplasma species

Neospora caninum

Nipah virus

Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola

Pasteurella multocida

Pentastomid worms

Plasmodium species

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Pseudocapillaria tomentosa

Pseudocapillaroides xenopi

Pseudoloma neurophilia


Pseudoterranova worms

Q fever


Raillietiella orientalis


Reovirus screen


Rift Valley fever



Sarcocystis neurona

Snake fungal disease

Snake quarantine panel

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

St. Louis encephalitis

Strep pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes

Swine vesicular disease

Tongue worms

Toxoplasma gondii

Treponema pallidum


Trypanosoma cruzi

Trypanosoma evansi


Turtle fraservirus


Valley Fever

Vesicular stomatitis


West Nile virus

White nose syndrome

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

Canine circovirus PCR test
wildlife and zoo assay data sheet

Canine circovirus (CaCV)

Test code:
S0234 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of canine circovirus (CaCV) by real time polymerase chain reaction


There are 11 known species of circoviruses and they affect many bird and mammal species. Canine circovirus (CaCV or DogCV) is a member of Circoviridae family, genus Circovirus and was first isolated in 2012. It is a small non-enveloped virus with a ~2 kb length single-stranded DNA viral genome. Canine circovirus infects domestic dogs and wild canids exclusively.

Dogs infected with this virus may develop hemorrhagic enteritis that results in sudden onset of weakened appetite, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. Internally, infected dogs may develop inflammation of the blood vessels and lymph node necrosis. The virus can disseminate into various organs including intestines, spleen, lungs, brain, liver, and lymph nodes.

Infected dogs have a high frequency of co-infection with other viruses, such as canine distemper and canine parvovirus; thus, clinical presentation when co-infection occurs may confuse the correct diagnosis.

The mode of transmission of this virus is still unknown. Direct contact with an infected dog, its vomit or feces, is believed to increase the risk of infection. The use of shared bedding and equipment, or human contact with an infected animal prior to handling of an uninfected animal, may also cause transmission of the virus between dogs.

Diagnosis of the viral infection usually relies on molecular detection by PCR, which gives high sensitivity and specificity.


  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Help ensure that animal groups and populations are free of CaCV
  • Early prevention of spread of this virus among a population
  • Minimize human exposure to this virus
  • Safety monitoring of biological products and vaccines that derive from susceptible animals

Niu, L., Wang, Z., Zhao, L., Wang, Y., Cui, X., Shi, Y., Chen, H. and Ge, J. (2020) Detection and molecular characterization of canine circovirus circulating in northeastern China during 2014-2016. Arch. Virol. 2020 165:137-143.

Specimen requirement: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) tube, or 0.2 ml feces, or fecal swab, or 0.2 ml fresh or frozen tissue, or 0.2 ml culture.

Contact Zoologix if advice is needed to determine an appropriate specimen type for a specific diagnostic application. For specimen types not listed here, please contact Zoologix to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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