B0001 - Qualitative detection of
Streptococcus pneumoniae by polymerase chain reaction.
is gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic, bile-soluble aerotolerant anaerobe.
Besides pneumonia, this organism causes many other types of infection,
such as acute sinusitis, otitis media, meningitis, bacteremia, sepsis,
osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, endocarditis, peritonitis,
pericarditis, cellulitis, and brain abscess.
is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in humans, and is one
of the two most prevalent isolates found in ear infection, otitis
media. Several animal species, including rodents, dogs and monkeys,
can also be infected with these bacteria.
detection of S. pneumoniae
is not very sensitive compared to molecular detection by PCR. In
addition, PCR is much more specific and rapid than culture (Virolainen
et al., 1994).
Help confirm the disease causing agent
Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical
diagnosis of S. pneumoniae
Help ensure that horse populations are free of
Early prevention of spread of this bacterium
Minimize personnel exposure to this bacterium
Safety monitoring of biological products that derive
A., Salo, P., Jero, J., Karma, P.,
Eskola, J., and Leinonen, M. (1994) Comparison of PCR assay
with bacterial culture for detecting
Streptococcus pneumoniae in
middle ear fluid of children with acute otitis media. J. Clin.
Microbiol. 32: pp2667-2670.
0.2 ml whole blood in
EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube, or serum, pleural fluid,
CSF or bacterial culture, shipped overnight at room temperature.
For specimen types
other than those listed here, please call to confirm specimen
acceptability and shipping instructions.
For all specimen
types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm
weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack
unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen
specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See
shipping instructions for more
2 business days