& livestock assay data sheet
- Ultrasensitive detection of mites by real time PCR. Assay detects most
common mite species.
Mites and ticks are small arthropods belonging to the subclass Acari
(also known as Acarina), in class Arachnida. Both mites and
ticks pass through four stages of development: egg to larva to
nymph to adult. All stages have eight legs except the six-legged
Some mites parasitize animals, including man; others are scavengers. Some
mites feed on plants, and many prey on insects and other
arthropods. In fact, there are nearly as many different types of
mites as there are insects.
Rodent and bird mites may bite people when they jump onto people. Three
types of rodent mites readily bite humans: the house mouse mite
spiny rat mite (Laelaps
echidnina) and tropical rat mite (Ornithonyssus
Mites that normally infest birds can also bite people. The northern fowl
sylviarum) and chicken mite (Dermanyssus
gallinae) primarily infest chickens and other poultry but
they are also common on many song birds. Mite eggs are laid in
nests or on feathers. Hatching occurs in two to three days and
adults are seen about five days later if birds are present. The
northern fowl mite usually can survive up to two weeks without a
bird blood meal. The chicken mite usually hides in cracks and
crevices near bird nests during the day and feeds on the birds
by night. Cheyletiella mites infest both birds and mammals and they may prey
on other mites and insects living on the host’s skin. Bites by
Cheyletiella can cause a mange-like condition in pets, and
itching in people who handle infested pets. Fortunately, these
mites do not stay long on humans.
Diagnosis of mite infection can be achieved by microscopic examination of
collected samples. However, molecular detection by polymerase
chain reaction (PCR) is increasingly being used to detect the
presence of mites in samples (Karlsson et al., 2014).
Help confirm the disease causing agent
Help identify mite carriers
Help ensure that animal or bird groups are free of mites
Early prevention of spread of mites in a facility
Minimize human exposure to mites
Karlsson, E.M., Pearson, L.M., Kuzma, K.M and Burkholder, T.H. (2014)
Combined evaluation of commonly used techniques, including PCR,
for diagnosis of mouse fur mites. J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
Dust swab, or
environmental surface swab or swipe pad, or feather swab, or fur
Contact Zoologix if advice is needed to determine an appropriate specimen type for a specific diagnostic application. For specimen types not listed here, please contact Zoologix to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.
specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during
very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship
with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are
specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain
frozen in transit. See
for more information.
2 business days
Qualitative real time PCR