We've added new PCR tests for swine and bovine diseases -- see our menu for a complete listing.

Parrots moving in or moving out? Try our psittacine PCR screening panel.

Respiratory problems got you breathless? Try our poultry respiratory PCR panel.

Our DRY CARDS let you mail blood samples to Zoologix easily and cheaply from anywhere because DRY CARD samples are small, light and stable at room temperature for several weeks.

Zoologix performs avian and livestock PCR tests for...

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

African swine fever

Akabane virus

Alcelaphine herpesvirus

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus species

Atoxoplasma

Avian adenovirus

Avian herpes

Avian influenza

Avian polyomavirus

Avian reovirus

Baylisascaris procyonis

Blood typing for swine

Bluetongue virus

Bordetella avium

Borna virus

Bovine adenovirus

Bovine enterovirus

Bovine ephemeral fever virus

Bovine herpesvirus 1

Bovine herpesvirus 2

Bovine herpesvirus 4

Bovine leukemia virus

Bovine papillomavirus

Bovine papular stomatitis virus

Bovine parvovirus

Bovine polyomavirus

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Bovine rhinoviruses

Bovine viral diarrhea

Brachyspira pilosicoli

Brucella

Cache Valley virus

Campylobacter      

Candida

Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) virus

Chlamydophila psittaci

Classical swine fever

Clostridium

Coccidia

Coronaviruses

Cowpox

Coxiella burnetii

Cryptococcus

Cryptosporidium

E. coli O157:h7

Edwardsiella

Encephalomyocarditis

Enteric E. coli panel

Foot and mouth disease

Fowlpox

Fusobacterium necrophorum

Hepatitis E

Herpes, avian

Histoplasma

Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bursal disease

Infectious coryza

Infectious laryngotracheitis

Influenza

Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)

Japanese encephalitis

Jena virus

Johne's disease

Leptospira

Lumpy skin disease virus

Malaria

Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF)

Mites

Mycobacterium avium and other Mycobacteria

Mycoplasma

Newcastle disease virus

Nipah virus

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Ovine herpesvirus 2

Pacheco's disease (psittacid herpesviruses)

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV)

Pigeon circovirus

Plasmodium species

Porcine adenovirus

Porcine circovirus 1

Porcine circovirus 2

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)

Porcine enterovirus

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus

Porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV)

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)

Poultry respiratory panel

Pseudocowpox

Pseudorabies

Psittacine beak and feather disease

Psittacine herpes

Q fever

Rabies

Reovirus

Rift Valley fever virus

Rinderpest virus

Salmonella

Staphylococcus xylosus

St. Louis encephalitis

Streptococcus

Swinepox

Swine vesicular disease

Teschovirus (Teschen-Talfan disease)

Tickborne encephalitis virus

Trichomonas/
Tritrichomonas

Vaccinia

Vesicular exanthema of swine

Vesicular stomatitis

Wesselsbron virus

West Nile virus

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

...and more -- see the avian & livestock test menu for a complete listing of avian and livestock assays.

Avian adenovirus PCR test
avian & livestock assay data sheet

Avian adenovirus group 1

Test code:
S0082 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of avian adenovirus group 1 by real time PCR

Avian adenoviruses can be divided into three major groups:

1.     Group I avian adenoviruses have been shown to infect chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, quail, pigeons, ostriches and other avian species. This group can be divided into at least twelve serotypes.

2.     Group II adenoviruses consist of the viruses that cause turkey haemorrhagic enteritis (THE), marble spleen disease (MSD) and group II splenomegaly of chickens.

3.     Group III viruses can cause egg drop syndrome (EDS). They are widely distributed in waterfowl but can also infect chickens, resulting in the production of abnormal eggshells.

Group I avian adenoviruses occur widely in chickens - many chickens are seropositive to these viruses, indicating past exposure. Vertical transmission is a major route whereby the viruses are passed to young birds. Young birds become susceptible to the disease as their maternal antibodies disappear. However, most infections with group I avian adenoviruses are subclinical and many infected birds become carriers. 

Birds infected with Group I viruses may manifest symptoms such as respiratory disease, diarrhea, reduced egg production, poor feed conversion, and arthritis. In most of these conditions the role of the adenovirus is that of a secondary rather than a primary pathogen.

In the past, diagnosis of infection with these viruses was by histology of the infected tissues, viral culture or serology. The major disadvantages of these methods are high cost, slow turnaround time, and low sensitivity. Detection by PCR offers high sensitivity and rapid turnaround time (Rehman et al., 2011).

Utilities:

  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Help ensure that bird populations are free of this virus
  • Early prevention of spread of the virus among bird populations
  • Minimize human exposure to the virus
  • Safety monitoring of biological products and vaccines that derive from birds

References:
Rehman, L.U., Sultan, B., Ali, I.,  Bhatti, M.A., Khan, S. U., Zaman, K.U., Jahangiri, A.T., Khan, N.U., Iqbal, A., Bakht., J., Swati., Z.A. and Rehman., M.U. (2011) Duplex PCR assay for the detection of avian adeno virus and chicken anemia virus prevalent in Pakistan. Virol. J. 8:440-444

Specimen requirements: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube, or 0.2 ml feces, or cloacal swab, or 0.2 ml tissue.

For specimen types other than those listed here, please call to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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