We've added new PCR tests for swine and bovine diseases -- see our menu for a complete listing.

Parrots moving in or moving out? Try our psittacine PCR screening panel.

Respiratory problems got you breathless? Try our poultry respiratory PCR panel.

Our DRY CARDS let you mail blood samples to Zoologix easily and cheaply from anywhere because DRY CARD samples are small, light and stable at room temperature for several weeks.

Zoologix performs avian and livestock PCR tests for...

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

African swine fever

Akabane virus

Alcelaphine herpesvirus

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus species

Atoxoplasma

Avian adenovirus

Avian herpes

Avian influenza

Avian polyomavirus

Avian reovirus

Baylisascaris procyonis

Blood typing for swine

Bluetongue virus

Bordetella avium

Borna virus

Bovine adenovirus

Bovine enterovirus

Bovine ephemeral fever virus

Bovine herpesvirus 1

Bovine herpesvirus 2

Bovine herpesvirus 4

Bovine leukemia virus

Bovine papillomavirus

Bovine papular stomatitis virus

Bovine parvovirus

Bovine polyomavirus

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Bovine rhinoviruses

Bovine viral diarrhea

Brachyspira pilosicoli

Brucella

Cache Valley virus

Campylobacter      

Candida

Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) virus

Chlamydophila psittaci

Classical swine fever

Clostridium

Coccidia

Coronaviruses

Cowpox

Coxiella burnetii

Cryptococcus

Cryptosporidium

E. coli O157:h7

Edwardsiella

Encephalomyocarditis

Enteric E. coli panel

Foot and mouth disease

Fowlpox

Fusobacterium necrophorum

Hepatitis E

Herpes, avian

Histoplasma

Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bursal disease

Infectious coryza

Infectious laryngotracheitis

Influenza

Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)

Japanese encephalitis

Jena virus

Johne's disease

Leptospira

Lumpy skin disease virus

Malaria

Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF)

Mites

Mycobacterium avium and other Mycobacteria

Mycoplasma

Newcastle disease virus

Nipah virus

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Ovine herpesvirus 2

Pacheco's disease (psittacid herpesviruses)

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV)

Pigeon circovirus

Plasmodium species

Porcine adenovirus

Porcine circovirus 1

Porcine circovirus 2

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)

Porcine enterovirus

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus

Porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV)

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)

Poultry respiratory panel

Pseudocowpox

Pseudorabies

Psittacine beak and feather disease

Psittacine herpes

Q fever

Rabies

Reovirus

Rift Valley fever virus

Rinderpest virus

Salmonella

Staphylococcus xylosus

St. Louis encephalitis

Streptococcus

Swinepox

Swine vesicular disease

Teschovirus (Teschen-Talfan disease)

Tickborne encephalitis virus

Trichomonas/
Tritrichomonas

Vaccinia

Vesicular exanthema of swine

Vesicular stomatitis

Wesselsbron virus

West Nile virus

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

...and more -- see the avian & livestock test menu for a complete listing of avian and livestock assays.

Avian and mammalian Salmonella PCR test

avian & livestock assay data sheet

Salmonella

Test code:
B0040 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of Salmonella bacteria by real time polymerase chain reaction

Test B0040 is included in P0041 - waterborne pathogens screening panel

Salmonella are gram negative bacteria that occur worldwide, inhabiting the intestinal tracts of many species including humans, nonhuman primates, birds, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs and other species. The house mouse is of special concern, as it is often a carrier and plays a significant role in spreading human and animal salmonellosis.

There are more than 1600 recognized serotypes of Salmonella. According to a recent report (http://www.defra.gov.uk/corporate/vla/science/ documents/science-end-survrep-qtlyw405.pdf), garden bird salmonellosis is the most frequently diagnosed infectious disease among the wild birds submitted to the United Kingdom’s Diseases of Wildlife scheme. The condition is primarily caused by infection with Salmonella typhimurium, although other serotypes have been reported. Environmental contamination by these infected birds can lead to the exposure of other species, notably cats, horses and humans. Animal feed containing contaminated animal byproducts continues to be a source of Salmonella infection, especially in diets containing raw, unpelleted meal.

Humans and animals infected by Salmonella bacteria can be asymptomatic, with clinical signs precipitated by stress. Clinical infections may progress to enteritis, septicemia and variable mortality. A high percentage of survivors become carriers. In humans, acute gastroenteritis can result in sudden onset of abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and fever. Septicemia may sometimes develop in humans, especially in immunocompromised patients.

Fecal and blood culture with selective media have been used to identify Salmonella. However, identification by culture has relatively low sensitivity and is quite slow. Molecular detection of these bacteria, on the other hand, is a highly sensitive and specific technique, and is also more tolerant of suboptimal specimen shipping and handling conditions.

Utilities:

  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical diagnosis of Salmonella infection.
  • Help ensure that flocks are free of Salmonella
  • Early prevention of spread of Salmonella
  • Minimize personnel exposure to these bacteria
  • Safety monitoring of biological products and vaccines that derive from birds

Specimen requirements:
Preferred specimens: rectal swab, or cloacal swab, or 0.2 ml feces, or bacterial culture, or environmental swab.
Less preferred specimen: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube.

For specimen types other than those listed here, please call to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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