We've added new PCR tests for swine and bovine diseases -- see our menu for a complete listing.

Parrots moving in or moving out? Try our psittacine PCR screening panel.

Respiratory problems got you breathless? Try our poultry respiratory PCR panel.

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Zoologix performs avian and livestock PCR tests for...

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

African swine fever

Akabane virus

Alcelaphine herpesvirus

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus species

Atoxoplasma

Avian adenovirus

Avian herpes

Avian influenza

Avian polyomavirus

Avian reovirus

Baylisascaris procyonis

Blood typing for swine

Bluetongue virus

Bordetella avium

Borna virus

Bovine adenovirus

Bovine enterovirus

Bovine ephemeral fever virus

Bovine herpesvirus 1

Bovine herpesvirus 2

Bovine herpesvirus 4

Bovine leukemia virus

Bovine papillomavirus

Bovine papular stomatitis virus

Bovine parvovirus

Bovine polyomavirus

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Bovine rhinoviruses

Bovine viral diarrhea

Brachyspira pilosicoli

Brucella

Cache Valley virus

Campylobacter      

Candida

Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) virus

Chlamydophila psittaci

Classical swine fever

Clostridium

Coccidia

Coronaviruses

Cowpox

Coxiella burnetii

Cryptococcus

Cryptosporidium

E. coli O157:h7

Edwardsiella

Encephalomyocarditis

Enteric E. coli panel

Foot and mouth disease

Fowlpox

Fusobacterium necrophorum

Hepatitis E

Herpes, avian

Histoplasma

Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bursal disease

Infectious coryza

Infectious laryngotracheitis

Influenza

Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)

Japanese encephalitis

Jena virus

Johne's disease

Leptospira

Lumpy skin disease virus

Malaria

Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF)

Mites

Mycobacterium avium and other Mycobacteria

Mycoplasma

Newcastle disease virus

Nipah virus

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Ovine herpesvirus 2

Pacheco's disease (psittacid herpesviruses)

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV)

Pigeon circovirus

Plasmodium species

Porcine adenovirus

Porcine circovirus 1

Porcine circovirus 2

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)

Porcine enterovirus

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus

Porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV)

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)

Poultry respiratory panel

Pseudocowpox

Pseudorabies

Psittacine beak and feather disease

Psittacine herpes

Q fever

Rabies

Reovirus

Rift Valley fever virus

Rinderpest virus

Salmonella

Staphylococcus xylosus

St. Louis encephalitis

Streptococcus

Swinepox

Swine vesicular disease

Teschovirus (Teschen-Talfan disease)

Tickborne encephalitis virus

Trichomonas/
Tritrichomonas

Vaccinia

Vesicular exanthema of swine

Vesicular stomatitis

Wesselsbron virus

West Nile virus

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

...and more -- see the avian & livestock test menu for a complete listing of avian and livestock assays.

Coccidia PCR test
avian & livestock assay data sheet

Coccidia species

Test code:
X0024 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of many coccidia species by real time PCR. This assay detects but does not differentiate many coccidia species including Cryptosporidium, Eimeria, Hammondia, Hepatozoon, Isospora, Neospora, Sarcocystis, and Toxoplasma.

Coccidiosis refers to diseases caused by coccidian infections. Coccidia is a diverse subclass of parasitic protozoa that includes many genera, such as Cryptosporidium, Eimeria, Hammondia, Hepatozoon, Isospora, Neospora, Sarcocystis, and Toxoplasma. These parasites usually infect the intestinal tracts of animals, causing diarrhea. In some cases, coccidia can migrate to the central nervous system and cause neurologic symptoms or death.

Coccidia usually spread from one animal to another through contact with infected feces or ingestion of infected tissues. Most infections result in asymptomatic carriers of the parasites, especially in adults. However, these carriers can continuously shed the parasites in their feces, thereby infecting other animals. Young or immunocompromised animals may suffer severe symptoms, including death.

While coccidia can infect a wide variety of animals, including humans, birds and livestock, they are usually species-specific. One well-known exception is toxoplasmosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii: humans may become infected with this parasite while handling infected pets, especially cats, or their feces.

In the past, diagnosis of coccidian infections relied on fecal float, a technique which is relatively insensitive and not very precise. However, molecular detection by polymerase chain reaction is rapid, highly sensitive and highly specific (Lalonde and Gajadhar, 2011).

Utilities:

  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical diagnosis of coccidia infection
  • Help ensure that animal groups are free of coccidia
  • Early prevention of spread of coccidia between animals
  • Minimize human exposure to coccidia

References:
Lalonde, L.F. and Gajadhar, A.A. (2011) Detection and differentiation of coccidian oocysts by real-time PCR and melting curve analysis. J. Parasitol. 97):725-730.

Specimen requirement: 0.2 ml feces, or rectal swab, or 0.2 ml soil, or 0.2 ml fresh, frozen or preserved tissue.

For specimen types other than those listed here, please call to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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