We've added new PCR tests for swine and bovine diseases -- see our menu for a complete listing.

Parrots moving in or moving out? Try our psittacine PCR screening panel.

Respiratory problems got you breathless? Try our poultry respiratory PCR panel.

Our DRY CARDS let you mail blood samples to Zoologix easily and cheaply from anywhere because DRY CARD samples are small, light and stable at room temperature for several weeks.

Zoologix performs avian and livestock PCR tests for...

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

African swine fever

Akabane virus

Alcelaphine herpesvirus

AMPKγ3R200Q mutation in pigs

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus species


Avian adenovirus

Avian herpes

Avian influenza

Avian polyomavirus

Avian reovirus

Baylisascaris procyonis

Blood typing for swine

Bluetongue virus

Bordetella avium

Borna virus

Bovine adenovirus

Bovine endogenous retrovirus

Bovine enterovirus

Bovine ephemeral fever virus

Bovine herpesvirus 1

Bovine herpesvirus 2

Bovine herpesvirus 4

Bovine leukemia virus

Bovine papillomavirus

Bovine papular stomatitis virus

Bovine parvovirus

Bovine polyomavirus

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Bovine rhinoviruses

Bovine viral diarrhea

Brachyspira pilosicoli


Cache Valley virus




Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) virus

Chlamydophila psittaci

Classical swine fever






Coxiella burnetii



E. coli O157:h7



Enteric E. coli panel

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

Foot and mouth disease


Fusobacterium necrophorum

Hepatitis E

Herpes, avian


Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bursal disease

Infectious coryza

Infectious laryngotracheitis


Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)

Japanese encephalitis

Jena virus

Johne's disease


Lumpy skin disease virus


Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF)

Malignant hyperthermia in pigs


Mycobacterium avium and other Mycobacteria

Mycoplasma species

Mycoplasma suis

Newcastle disease virus

Nipah virus

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Ovine herpesvirus 2

Pacheco's disease (psittacid herpesviruses)

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV)

Pigeon circovirus

Plasmodium species

Porcine adenovirus

Porcine circovirus 1

Porcine circovirus 2

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)

Porcine enterovirus

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus

Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus

Porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV)

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)

Poultry respiratory panel



Psittacine beak and feather disease

Psittacine herpes

Q fever



Rift Valley fever virus

Rinderpest virus

RyR1 R615C mutation in pigs


Staphylococcus xylosus

St. Louis encephalitis


Swine malignant hyperthermia


Swine vesicular disease

Teschovirus (Teschen-Talfan disease)

Tickborne encephalitis virus



Valley fever

Vesicular exanthema of swine

Vesicular stomatitis

Wesselsbron virus

West Nile virus

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

...and more -- see the avian & livestock test menu for a complete listing of avian and livestock assays.

Fowlpox PCR test
avian & livestock assay data sheet


Test code: S0158
- Ultrasensitive detection of fowlpox virus by real time PCR


Fowlpox is a slow-spreading viral infection of chickens and turkeys that occurs worldwide.  It is characterized by proliferative skin lesions (in the cutaneous form) that progress to thick scabs. The infection may also cause lesions in the upper gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts (in the diphtheritic form).

Fowlpox virus is a DNA avipoxvirus belonging to the family Poxviridae. The virus is highly resistant and may survive for several years in dried scabs. The virus can be present in large numbers in lesions. Transmission of the virus can be through contact with abrasions of the skin; skin lesions and scabs shed from recovering birds in poultry houses are an important source of aerosol infection. Insects such as mosquitos and biting flies may serve as mechanical vectors, and the infection can spread rapidly where mosquitos are plentiful (Hess et al., 2011). Some affected birds may become asymptomatic carriers, and the disease may be reactivated by stress (eg, moulting) or during immunosuppression due to other infections. The disease tends to persist for extended periods among flocks.

The cutaneous form of fowlpox infection is characterized by nodular lesions on various parts of the unfeathered skin of chickens and on the head and upper neck of turkeys. Generalized lesions of feathered skin may also be seen. The diphtheritic form of fowlpox infection involves lesions on the mucous membranes of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx, larynx, and trachea. In either form of the disease, decreased performance in weight gain and egg laying are expected.

Fowlpox infection has been diagnosed by viral isolation but this method is slow and has low sensitivity. Serological methods may also be used to determine the infection, but since many birds have been previously exposed to this virus, serology may not be very useful. However, PCR can provide rapid, sensitive and specific detection of the virus.


  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Identify fowlpox carriers
  • Screen research materials for the presence of fowlpox
  • Help ensure that flocks are free of fowlpox
  • Early prevention of spread of the virus among birds
  • Minimize human exposure to the virus
  • Safety monitoring of biological products that derive from susceptible birds

Hess, C., Maegdefrau-Pollan, B., Bilic, I., Liebhart, D., Richter, S., Mitsch, P. and Hess, M. (2011) Outbreak of cutaneous form of poxvirus on a commercial turkey farm caused by the species fowlpox.  Avian Dis. 55:714-8.

Specimen requirements: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube, or 0.2 ml cell culture, or lesion swab or scab, or oral swab, or 0.2 ml tissue.

Contact Zoologix if advice is needed to determine an appropriate specimen type for a specific diagnostic application. For specimen types not listed here, please contact Zoologix to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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